Number of homebound OR older adults and individuals with disabilities who reported having increased social ties/perceived social support.
Goal 1: Healthy Futures: Aging in Place
Definition of Key Terms
Homebound: Individuals unable to leave their personal residence due to disability, injury, or age; may be a short term or long term need; for example, an individual may have a broken hip that prevents them from driving for a few months but after the injury has healed they no longer require help to live independently.
Older Adults: Individuals age 65 or older.
Individual with a Disability: An individual who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities; has a record of such an impairment; or is regarded as having such an impairment.
Social ties/perceived social support: Relationships with other people and/or the belief that these people will offer (or have offered) effective help during times of need.
How to Calculate/ Measure/ Collect Data
At the outset of the activity the grantee should indicate the "dosage," or how many sessions, days or hours of the service are required to influence the desired outcomes. Only count clients who received some minimum "dosage" that can be expected to have some effect in terms of reducing social isolation.
Programs should collect data for this measure from surveys of the homebound older adults/individuals with disabilities who received companionship services or a survey of a family member or caseworker for those unable to respond to a survey themselves. Grantees are encouraged to use the University of Michigan's Health and Retirement Study Survey which is available free of charge. The link to the resource is listed below.
The University of Michigan Health and Retirement Study (HRS) surveys more than 22,000 Americans over the age of 50 every two years. Supported by the National Institute on Aging (NIA U01AG009740) and the Social Security Administration, the HRS is a large-scale longitudinal project that studies the labor force participation and health transitions that individuals undergo toward the end of their work lives and in the years that follow. Health and Retirement Study data products are available without cost to researchers and analysts; certain Conditions of Use apply. Registration is required in order to download files. HRS website