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Performance Measure H12

Number of individuals that reported increased food security of themselves and their children (household food security) as a result of CNCS-supported services.
Goal 1: Healthy Futures: Obesity and Food

Definition of Key Terms

Food security: "Access at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life for all household members. Food security includes at a minimum: (1) the ready availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods, and (2) an assured ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways (e.g., without resorting to emergency food supplies, scavenging, stealing, or other coping strategies)." USDA website

How to Calculate/ Measure/ Collect Data

Data collection for H12 will be based on a survey of the adult family member who received the food services.
Survey questions could be modeled after those used to assess household food security for the Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service. The Household Food Security Survey is administered annually as a supplement to the Monthly Current Population Survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. The questionnaire includes about conditions and behaviors known to characterize households having difficulty meeting basic food needs.
The report on Household Food Security in the United States (2007) measures the food security status of households by determining "the number of food-insecure conditions and behaviors the household reports. Households are classified as food secure if they report no food insecure conditions or if they report only one or two food-insecure conditions. (Food-insecure conditions are indicated by responses of "often" or "sometimes" to questions 1-3 and 11-13, "almost every month" or "some months but not every month" to questions 5, 10, and 17, and "yes" to the other questions.) They are classified as food insecure if they report three or more food-insecure conditions." The referenced question items can be found in the report (PDF).
Two different approaches to administering the survey could be used. 
(1) "Pre/post" questionnaire. The same questionnaire would be administered to the adult family member at the beginning of the education/training program. The questionnaire would ask about the food security of the adults and children in the household. The same questionnaire would be administered three to six months after completion of the education/training. 
(2) Post-program questionnaire only. Three to six months after completion of receiving the education/training, a questionnaire would be administered to the adult family member asking about a) the current level of food security of the adults and children in the household and b) their level of food security prior to receiving the service. The questions would address the same topics as those in the pre/post questionnaire but reworded to ask separately about current and prior food security.
Survey responses can be analyzed to calculate the differences in the number and percent of respondents who reported being food insecure prior to receiving the service and after receiving the service. Each individual should be surveyed only once regardless of the number or type of different services (e.g., education/training, counseling) received during the year.
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