Performance Measure EN5

Note: Information on this page is subject to change. Applicants should always refer to the performance measure instructions published with the NOFO. Grantees should refer to the performance measure instructions for the grant year in which they were funded.
Number of miles of trails or waterways (owned/maintained by national, state, county, city or tribal governments) that are improved, and/or created.
Goal 1: Environmental Stewardship: At-Risk Ecosystems

Definition of Key Terms

Trails: For walking, running, biking, or horses.
Waterways: Includes rivers, lakes and other bodies of water used for swimming, boating, fishing, or other forms of water-based recreation.
Improved: Restored to reduce human impact, removed invasive species, established native plants, built riparian buffers, cleared of natural debris (such as fallen trees/limbs) and unnatural debris (such as hazardous fuel and waste). Improvements must go beyond basic trash removal.
Created: Implementing safety measures, making handicapped accessible, or environmental protection measures such as boardwalks, grading, trail-blazing, converting a railroad bed to a trail, etc. that make trails newly available.

How to Calculate/ Measure/ Collect Data

Sum of number of miles of trails and/or waterways that are improved, and/or created. Count each mile only once during the program year. Count the area improved on/in the trail/waterway and immediately next to the trail/waterway. It may be necessary to improve the same mile of trail/waterway more than once but include in count only once. If, for example, the program or project is to improve a trail, then the whole width of the trail that is being improved can be counted, not just the width of the fencing. If the lack of a trail has led to damage in the area, then the area of that restoration/repair work would count too.
If you measure your work in feet and not miles, you may convert square feet into square miles. 1 square foot = 0.0000000358700643 square miles.
As a general rule of thumb, adhere to the resource management standards for riparian work specified by USDA's Natural Conservation Practice Standard "Riparian Herbaceous Cover." (PDF) Additional Criteria to Maintain or Improve Water Quality and Quantity: Minimum width shall be increased to 2.5 times the stream width (based on the horizontal distance between bank-full elevations) or 35 feet for water bodies.
CNCS encourages applicants and grantees to perform service with the greatest impact versus providing minimal impact to the highest number of miles. The applicant or grantee should identify a certain deficiency or serious environmental risk or describe a compelling problem that is well documented and propose an evidence-based intervention to address the problem and restore the trail or waterway to a quality ecosystem. The evidence-base could be a governmental land management improvement plan if it addresses the targeted problem, and is preferably an identified priority in the plan, although it is preferable to also describe how the proposed intervention will return the targeted area to a quality environment and relevant evidence to support the value of the intervention. For example, while conducting seasonal maintenance may allow a grantee to report greater numbers of miles "improved", it is less likely to be selected for funding if it does not address a compelling environmental problem, deficiency, risk or priority (ideally one that has been documented in a governmental land management improvement plan).
Tracking document, survey or acknowledgement of receipt of services from entity that owns or administers the trail or waterways improved.

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