Performance Measure ED27

Number of students in grades K-12 that participated in the mentoring or tutoring or other education program, including CNCS-supported service learning, who demonstrated improved academic engagement.
Goal 1: Education: K-12 Success

Definition of Key Terms

Service learning: Service-learning is a teaching and learning strategy that integrates meaningful community service with instruction and reflection to enrich the learning experience, teach civic responsibility, and strengthen communities.
Improved academic engagement: A positive and significant change in one of the following student behaviors or attitudes over the course of a school year. Measures of student behaviors include: increased attendance, increased completion of assignments including homework, increased teacher-reported participation, decreased disciplinary referrals and decreased reports of substance abuse. Measures of student attitudes include: increased interest in school, improved perspective on school climate, increased attachment to school and increased educational aspirations. (ED6 reports on the attendance characteristic separately and ED7 [Tier 3 measure] reports on the disciplinary referrals separately.)

How to Calculate/ Measure/ Collect Data

Applicants and grantees should identify the measures of academic engagement that their programs most closely align with. Selection of measures should be based on whether the measures have been shown to be valid and reliable.
Programs should collect academic engagement data from school records, teacher surveys and/or student surveys at the beginning and end of the school year. If any one of these elements shows substantial improvement, without any of the other elements worsening, the student should be counted as having demonstrated improved academic engagement.
A survey or questionnaire should be used for grantee administration.
Determining whether a positive change in student behavior is significant may be limited by small sample sizes. Applicants and grantees are encouraged to track the average size of the increase among service-learning participants as well as the percent of students with a positive increase.


Applicants and grantees may report on either ED27 or ED6 but not both measures to ensure an unduplicated count. Applicants are encouraged to select ED27, which is a more direct measure of academic engagement than ED6, but ED6 may be preferred if it is significantly easier to collect school attendance data than to obtain parental consent and administer a pre-post survey.
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