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National Council on Crime and Delinquency

Grantee Infomation 

Federal Award: $863,959 over 2 years
Focus Area: Youth Development
Geographic Focus: Nationwide
Target Beneficiaries: Juvenile justice or child welfare system-involved youth of color 
Collaborating Partners: Potrero Impact Advisors, CUNY Institute for State and Local Governance, Kirkland & Ellis and The Raben Group
Funding Partners: Private and foundation philanthropies
NCCD has been engaged over the last year in PFS feasibility studies in child welfare and juvenile justice with two California counties and young people in the adult justice system with the State of California. This project will assist three state or local governments or nonprofit organizations to determine the feasibility of using PFS to promote interventions addressing positive youth development, with a focus on 1) juvenile justice or child welfare system-involved youth or youth at risk of entering or crossing over into these systems, and 2) addressing high rates of racial disparity in these systems. Eligibility to compete for these TA services will be targeted to government entities and nonprofit organizations in the states with the highest rates of racial and ethnic disparities in juvenile justice and child welfare system involvement. 
The ultimate goal of the proposed project is creating positive outcomes for system-involved children and young people and supporting the capacity of systems to implement evidence-based practices that set up these young people for the best possible chance of success in their lives and in their communities

Entities Receiving Social Innovation Fund Awards from the National Council on Crime and Delinquency

City of New Haven, CT
Community Advocates, Inc.
The Children's Initiative
The San Diego Foundation

City of New Haven, CT

NCCD will partner with City of New Haven Office of the Mayor and Department of Youth Services to evaluate the impact of their innovative YouthStat program and assess feasibility of using Pay for Success financing to increase the scale of this program.

YouthStat is a data-driven prevention program with a goal of reducing juvenile justice involvement and youth disengagement through involving high youth in a support network that builds positive behaviors. Based on analysis of local data, the target population is youth enrolled in public high schools in New Haven who have absentee rates of 10% or higher, one or more suspensions, and D’s and F’s in math or reading. At minimum, each YouthStat participant receives a Support Team, mentorship, academic tutoring/modification, and either career readiness training or strengths-based afterschool programming. Additional services are added to each child’s individual success action plan as needed. Measureable outcomes to be achieved include improvement in academic grades to a C or higher, reduction or elimination of suspensions and expulsions, and increase in school attendance. These shorter term measureable outcomes are associated with longer term school success and employment.

NCCD and its award partners will join with City of New Haven to evaluate the impact YouthStat has on juvenile justice involvement and longer-term academic outcomes. Additional technical assistance activities will include codifying the intervention, quantifying cashable savings and establishing a cost-savings analysis for the intervention at scale.

Community Advocates, Inc.

Milwaukee, WI

NCCD will partner with Community Advocates (CA) to assess the feasibility of using Pay for Success (PFS) financing to implement a summer teen employment and year-round support program with a specific goal of reducing juvenile justice involvement and improving school engagement/achievement and job readiness/attainment. 

For over 35 years, CA has provided results-focused client advocacy combined with more than 40 basic needs programs serving low-income individuals and families in Milwaukee. The Community Advocates Public Policy Institute focuses preventing and reducing poverty while fostering wellness for individual and families. This is accomplished through a combination of policy research/advocacy and positive youth development programming targeting at-risk youth.

CA will pilot One Summer Plus, a teen summer employment and enrichment program proven to dramatically reduce youth violence and criminal involvement. One Summer Plus combines a part-time summer job with proven cognitive behavioral therapy-based programming in order to reduce violence involvement and generate long-term improvements in youth outcomes. CA plans to modify the implementation of One Summer Plus by including year round support for the youth, and expanding recruitment efforts outside public school to include disengaged youth who are not currently enrolled in school. Measureable outcomes for youth involved will include reduced arrests and increased educational engagement and achievement.

NCCD will provide technical assistance specifically around target population identification, projecting costs for the intervention at scale, quantifying potential cashable savings, developing a cost-benefit analysis, and engaging community stakeholders in exploring PFS financing.

The Children's Initiative

San Diego, CA

NCCD will partner with The Children’s Initiative (TCI) to complete a Pay for Success (PFS) Feasibility Assessment of their Families as Partners (FAP) program and Alternatives to Detention (ATD) program.

TCI provides leadership, technical assistance, advocacy and cross-system collaboration to improve the lives of children and families. The Initiative identifies issues impacting children, youth and families in San Diego from community input and current San Diego data and research. The Children’s Initiative works to assist government, schools and community organizations in being more efficient, increasing investment in prevention and intervention programs, maximizing dollars for direct services in communities, reducing violence and crime, and increasing academic success for our children and youth.

TCI, in partnership with San Diego County, HHSA (Child Welfare Services) and the Probation Department, intend to significantly reduce the number of children removed from their homes (‘Placement’) and the number of youth detained in juvenile hall (‘Detention’) by expanding the FAP and ATD programs countywide.

FAP is a collaborative family and community centered approach to child abuse and neglect allegations that has demonstrated a reduction in the number of children removed from their families, an increase in the number of children returned to their families within one year, and an increase in the number of children finding legal permanency. ATD provides a continuum of community-based detention alternatives for juvenile offenders who have been arrested and charged, yet do not require secure detention because of low flight risk or danger to the community. Based on best practices of the Annie E. Casey Foundation’s Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative, ATD reduces detention of juveniles, reduces racial disparities, decreases juvenile delinquency, increases community and family involvement, and improves system efficacy. Currently only available in select regions of the county, TCI is committed to county wide scaling-up of programs to ensure that families in crisis have access to evidence based services that will support the safety and wellbeing of children in their own home.

NCCD will complete data analysis of the program implementation to date, evaluating for desired improved outcomes, quantifying any cashable savings, establish cost of intervention at scale, and completing a cost-saving analysis. In addition, NCCD will provide technical assistance to codify proposed interventions, facilitating stakeholder exploration of PFS financing.

The San Diego Foundation

San Diego, CA

TSDF proposes an intervention for potential adoption for a Pay for Success strategy that is modeled off a collaborative program in the Los Angeles region called the “Housing, Education and Employment Initiative.” The initiative is designed to address the three greatest barriers to a successful transition for formerly incarcerated young adults: a place to live, access to education, and access to job opportunities. The program will engage young adults prior to release from prison or jail, who are assessed as low risk for violence, and high risk for recidivating. These young adults will be provided with supported housing, access to community college, and access to part-time employment. The program design is an innovative approach that applies an evidence-based model used successfully with other multiple-risk populations including homeless individuals, and is based on providing “housing first,” which then serves as a delivery platform for case management and supported access to education, job training, health care, and other needed supportive services. 

NCCD will partner with TSDF in completing specific feasibility assessment tasks such as identifying the target population, and evaluating the evidence base for specific support services. NCCD will refine the target population methodology using cross-system administrative data analytics, and share this methodology through presentation and article publication. Finally, NCCD will work with the San Diego Foundation to identify interventions and services with demonstrated impact through a comprehensive literature review and meta-analysis as part of the cost benefit analysis.  

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